CBD, THC, HEMP, SATIVA, INDICA, TERPENES, FULL SPECTRUM, ISOLATE.. What is it?

            It's been well over a year now since we at Patchouli Garden dove into the CBD/HEMP world. We are proud of the fact that we were the very first retailer in our community (Price County Wi) to offer CBD products. Now that our community and the country is saturated in the CBD market, we wanted to write this blog for educational purposes. We want those that are interested to know exactly what they should be looking for in a product and to understand some of the basic lingo when it comes to Industrial Hemp products. With-in this last year we have heard many stories, listened to hours of podcasts, read 100's of articles, and have talked to many suppliers in the industry. We have taken initiative to know what we are selling and try to offer the best products. So lets dive in!

BASIC 101:
What is CBD?
CBD is a short acronym for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is a molecule found in hemp and marijuana plants that is medically beneficial to humans. The reason why it can benefit us is because human beings have an endocannabidiol system in our bodies. Our endocannabidiol system plays an important role in our central nervous system, in that system we have hundreds of cell receptors. The most common ones are the CB1 the CB2 receptors. These receptors are responsible for promoting the proper function of our muscular system, proper function of our immune system and a healthy nervous system. Our bodies need cannabidiols to help support this system. So introducing CBD from hemp plants into our bodies, allows for more cannabidiols to bind to these receptors, which then encourages our endocannabidiol system to function better!

What is THC?
THC is the short acronym for tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is usually found in the resin secreted by the glands in the cannabis plants. It works very similarly to CBD in the fact that it also binds to our cannabidiol receptors. When it does bind to these receptors in the brain, it stimulates those cells to release dopamine, which can create a euphoria or "high".  Although high amounts of THC is illegal in CBD products, due to is ability to impair proper thinking, THC can be medically beneficial to targeting cell receptors that are unresponsive to CBD or other cannabidiols. It can be used as a form of pain control and there have been many studies showing it's benefits for those suffering with epilepsy.

ARE HEMP AND MARIJUANA DIFFERENT PLANTS? 
"Industrial Hemp" is NOT "marijuana", but I put those two names in quotations because those names are not scientifically correct. Those terms are society given and are used in society to make it easier for us to classify the difference in how the plants are developed and processed. In the cannabis family, there are 3 main strains (separate plants): SATIVA, INDICA, and RUDERALIS. These are the actual scientific names of the 3 types of cannabis plants.
The sativa plant and indica plants are quite comparable when it comes to their compositions. Most studies find that the Sativa plant produces slightly more THC then the Indica. And the Indica produces slightly more CBD then the Sativa but the levels are marginal in comparison.  The ruderalis plant is grown more wildly throughout nature and produces the lowest amount of THC in the Cannabis family. Ruderalis isn't as commonly used in the production of CBD because its growth size is smaller and the levels of THC and CBD are also smaller. 
Even though all the cannabis plants look almost indistinguishable, it's all in the way the plant is grown and cultivated which separates the 2 terms "Industrial Hemp" and "Marijuana".
Taken from the website Hempethics: "The reason for the low THC content in hemp is that most THC is formed in resin glands on the buds and flowers of the female cannabis plants. Industrial hemp is NOT cultivated to produce (flowering) buds, and therefore lacks the primary component that forms the marijuana high" (THC)A "physical" difference in what we want to see when producing industrial hemp is it's height. Industrial hemp is typically grown taller then Marijuana because the focus is not on producing flowering buds but on the actual stalks. 

WHAT THE HECK ARE TERPENES?
This is where we usually lose people.. lol! When we start talking about terpenes we are getting into the nitty gritty of it. Terpenes exist in every plant on earth! They are the essential oils of each plant. Every strain of cannabis has different terpenes being created and they are not just beneficial for the aromas. Terpenes are responsible for unique feelings and distinct benefits created in each plant. Each batch of hemp or marijuana can have the exact same cannabidiol makeups but completely different terpene additives. So that is why each batch of CBD oil can be so different in how they benefit you! Have you ever had the experience where the same CBD oil you've been buying has affected you differently with each bottle you've used? It is most likely because the terpene levels have changed not the cannabidiol levels.
Sativa plants usually have higher levels of the terpene "Limonene" which is the same terpene found in lemons and other citrus plants. So generally CBD oil and CBD products made from the sativa strain often have an uplifting and energizing benefit. Limonene also supports your immune system and protects your GI tract. People suffering with depression and anxiety benefit more from the sativa plant CBD products because of these terpenes!
Indica plants have higher levels of the terpene "Pinene" which is also found in Pine trees. Pinene has anti-inflammatory and pain relieve properties. The "Linalool" terpene is also found in indica plants which is the same terpene found in lavender which creates a sedative effect. That is why many people needing pain relief or help with sleeping disorders should use CBD oil derived from the indica plant.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FULL SPECTRUM CBD AND ISOLATE?
Full spectrum CBD products are made from the entire plant. So you are getting more then just CBD in your product. You are getting other cannabidiols like CBG, CBN etc. Plus, all those Terpenes we talked about! Also real full spectrum CBD has to contain THC! If you find a product that says it's full spectrum but is completely THC free, then I wouldn't trust that product. There are some products like the KOI brand (which we offer in our store) that does have a full spectrum oil with no traceable THC. That doesn't mean that it is completely THC free, just that the level was so low that it wasn't necessary to add it to their lab report. Even though the KOI full spectrum CBD oil is a great product, I would typically recommend this to those worried about passing drug tests at their workplace. A more beneficial full spectrum oil should have higher traceable amount of THC in it because it would be less processed.  
CBD ISOLATE is exactly what it sounds like. Suppliers and scientists have come up with a way to isolate the CBD molecule out of the plant, so you would only be ingesting CBD (no THC, no terpenes, no other cannabidiols). Most CBD isolates come in a powder form. It can be ingested as is or added to food. The FDA actually has patented the CBD isolate and created a solution named EPIDIOLEX which can be prescribed to treat children suffering from rare epilepsy conditions. 

Out of the two, I'd always recommend the Full Spectrum just because of the added benefits from all the other cannabidiols and terpenes.

At Patchouli Garden we offer a few different brands of CBD products. As stated earlier, we offer the KOI brand which the hemp is grown in Colorado and then processed and manufactured in California. We carry their full spectrum oil, vape juices, and gummies. 

We also carry a brand called Regalabs. Their hemp products are made from plants grown in Cananda and manufactured from Georgia. They offer two strength's of Full Spectrum CBD oils (Original and Platinum). They also offer an oil which is quite popular in our store. It is the original formula with turmeric added, called Turmeric CBD oil. Turmeric is a natural anti-inflammatory. We have many customers who suffer from arthritis who find relief using this oil. They also have a formula made just for pets, and a CBD heat rub cream with arnica and emu oil which is great for muscle pain or arthritis relief. 

 Lastly, we have a new product line which we are excited about because it is grown, processed, and manufactured right here in our home state of Wisconsin. It's called Priceland Hemp. They have 100% organic and full spectrum 500-3000mg formulas. They also have a formula called CBD/CBG oil which contains a concentrated amount of CBG (a cannabidiol that gives more of a sedative effect). This oil is great for those suffering with insomnia. They also have a formula named Wisativa which is the 2000mg formula but they have added more terpenes. We also carry their buds and pre-rolls, which can be smoked. The buds can also be used to make infused butter or other products. 

We will strive to always keep learning and adapting to this growing industry and we will continue to share with you all that we know. We know first hand how overwhelming all of this information can be. Please give us a call or stop by our store, we will gladly answer any of your questions and can help you find exactly what could benefit you the most!

Disclaimer: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products and this article is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Please consult your doctor for medical consultations.

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